rough


rough
rough [ruf]
adj.
[ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu-, to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”]
1.
a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]
b) not easily traveled over or through because rocky, overgrown, wild, etc. [rough country]
2. shaggy or bristly [an animal with a rough coat]
3. characterized by violent action, motion, agitation, disturbance, or irregularity; specif.,
a) stormy; tempestuous [rough weather]
b) boisterous or disorderly [rough play]
4. harsh, rude, brutal, etc.; not gentle or mild [a rough temper]
5. sounding harsh; discordant; jarring
6. tasting harsh or astringent [rough wine]
7. coarse, as texture, cloth, food, etc.
8. coarse in manner, tastes, etc.; lacking refinement or culture [rough men, rough language]
9. lacking refinements, comforts, and conveniences [the rough life of a pioneer]
10. not refined, polished, or prepared; natural, crude, etc. [a rough diamond]
11. not finished, elaborated, perfected, etc. [a rough sketch]
12. not worked out in detail; without claim to be exact or complete; approximate [a rough estimate]
13. requiring muscular energy rather than skill or intelligence [rough labor]
14. Informal difficult, severe, or disagreeable [a rough time]
15. Phonet. articulated with an aspirate; having the sound (h)
n.
1. rough ground
2. rough material or condition
3. the rough part, aspect, etc. of something
4. a rough sketch or draft
5. Chiefly Brit. a rough person; rowdy; tough
6. Golf any part of the course where grass, weeds, etc. are allowed to grow, uncut, forming a hazard or obstacle
adv.
1. in a rough manner; roughly
2. Brit. without shelter; outdoors [to sleep rough]
vt.
1. to make rough; roughen: often with up
2.
a) to handle or treat roughly or brutally: usually with up
b) Football etc. to subject (an opponent) to intentional and unnecessary roughness
3. to make, fashion, sketch, shape, or cut roughly: usually with in or out [to rough out a scheme]
4. to apply some preparatory or preliminary process or treatment to
vi.
1. Rare to become rough
2. to behave roughly [a penalty for roughing]
——————
in the rough
in a rough or crude state
——————
rough it
to live without customary comforts and conveniences, as in camping
roughish
adj.
roughly
adv.
roughness
n.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus